In , with the Industrial Revolution well underway, the engineer Ildefons Cerdà, author of the Plan for the Reform and Extension of. Ildefons Cerda (December 23, – August 21, ) was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering. Constricted by its medieval walls, Barcelona was suffocating – until unknown engineer Ildefons Cerdà came up with a radical expansion plan.

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His work is still studied in Catalan schools to this day. His street layout and grid plan were optimized to accommodate pedestrians, carriages, horse-drawn trams, urban railway lines as yet unheard-ofgas supply and large-capacity sewers to prevent frequent floodswithout neglecting public and private gardens and other key amenities. He continued to create projects and improve existing designs throughout his lifetime, as well as to develop his theories taking on larger planning scopes at the regional planning level cerdx, until the very end.

Jardins de Flora Tristan. Unable to find relevant planning precedents for his unique vision however, Cerda undertook the task of ipdefons his own from scratch. For further information and locations of the reclaimed courtyards in Barcelona, this pdf-file provides a complete listing.

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The latest technical innovations were incorporated in his designs if they could further the cause of better integration, but he also came up with remarkable new concepts of his own, including a logical system of land readjustment that was essential to the success of his project, and produced a thorough statistical analysis of working-class conditions at the time, which he undertook in order to demonstrate the ills of congestion.

The inside of an Eixample block. The walls were becoming a health risk, almost literally suffocating the people of Barcelona — who were addressed directly in the following public statement of While the tower is no longer functional, the historic and unique form in addition to the courtyard conversion made it a popular and well-used space.


Behind Four Walls: Barcelona’s Lost Utopia – Failed Architecture

Order by newest oldest recommendations. In addition, only one of the two planned diagonal streets was realized. He joined the Corps of Engineers and lived in various cities in Spain before settling in Barcelona in and marrying Clotilde Bosch.

Support Failed Architecture’s quality content and independent voice donate. It is not accidental that many of the gardens are named after women as the Barcelona street nomenclature is exclusively male. In the process, he lost all his family’s inheritance and he died in a heavily indebted near-pauper, never having been paid for his chief masterpiece, the design of Barcelona’s Eixample.

A few of the courtyard conversions however, are indeed exceptional. As it was impossible to cerdz the rulings coming from Madrid, his opponents instead tried to discredit him ideologically and intellectually.

Ildefons Cerdà

These days, Barcelona is consistently praised as an urban success story. This page was last edited on 10 Septemberat Gardens in the centre of each street block; rich and poor accessing the same services; and smooth-flowing traffic were among his then revolutionary, even utopian-sounding ideas — many of which materialised to at least some extent although not the central gardens. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In between the 2 or 3 built-up sides a recreational green space would allow for a maximum amount of sunlight and iildefons to penetrate every unit in the manzana while simultaneously providing a green belt for the entire city in all cardinal directions.

From above, the density and magnitude of the city-block morphology is an unimaginable exercise in master planning iledfons replication. Topics Cities The story of cities. Retrieved 20 March Ildefons Cerda December 23, — August 21, was an urban planner originally trained as a civil engineer who left his job in the civil engineering service to begin working on a grid based plan that would come to be known as the Eixample.


Ildefons Cerdà – Wikipedia

Larger institutions such as hospitals, cemeteries, parks, plazas cersa industrial buildings would be spaced at calculated, even distances within each zone providing an overall utilitarian radius of access for Eixample inhabitants.

It has by and large succeeded as a dense, working-middle-class area of Barcelona.

At the same time, fans of Enric Miralles can lounge on one of his sculptures at the Jardines Jaume Perich. At this time, grid or radial based urban planning principles were being implemented or experimented with in New York, Buenos Aires, Paris and Ccerda.

Story of cities #13: Barcelona’s unloved planner invents science of ‘urbanisation’

Culturally, the Eixample was and still is inhabited by the well-to-do, instead of integrating social classes. What began as a utopian master plan championing publicly accessible green space has today become an enclosed and privatized neighborhood specifically lacking this publicly accessible green space.

Retrieved from ” https: The city was living at a faster pace than the rest of Spainand was ready to become a European capital.

Archived from the original PDF on 3 October With this explosion of modernism, an unspoken urban competitiveness emerged. Although in general terms his plan was realized, he died penniless, credited with a neighborhood that is a distant reflection iildefons his initial intentions.

This unknown engineer was revolutionary in what he envisioned — but also in how he got there.