Stanzel defines various types and levels of mediacy, and concludes that there are three main narrative situations: first person (when the narrator’s world is the. The Circle of Narrative. A THEORY OF NARRATIVE. By Franz Stanzel. Translated by Charlotte G with a preface by Paul Hernadi. Cambridge: Cambridge. F.K. Stanzel, A Theory of Narrative. Transi, by Charlotte in an able translation, supervised by Franz Stanzel himself, of his Theorie des Erzählens (Göt-.

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Franz Stanzel: Narrative Theory and the Typological Circle | Literary Studies

They are person, perspective, and mode. You are commenting using your Twitter account. He pretends to be giving an unmediated view, as if the reader were presented with the thing itself.

The narrator either exists as a character within the world of the fictional events of the story, or he exists outside it. But that is not a prob- lem for die dieory if its edges stajzel left sharp. In the “First-person narrative situation”, the events are related by a “narrating I” who takes part in the action in the fictional world as a character or as the “experiencing I”. Despite lots of criticism, his typological circle of three narrative situations is still taught in introductions to German literary studies at German universities e.


They may teU die story from an internal or external perspective.

This is because he feels mat many fictions or even sections of fiction do not exacdy fit his categories. Please help by adding reliable sources. It is this familiarity and respect for narratives which leads Stanzel to insist that his major categories have fuzzy edges. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. In each of the three narrative situations, another constitutive element or pole of the binary opposition associated with it attains dominance over the other constitutive elements and their poles.

You can help Wikipedia by assisting in the translation. If mat view wins die day, then historians will continue to have my sympathy. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An illusion of im-mediacy is created. Stay updated via RSS. Narrative modes overt mediacy covert mediacy indirect direct personalization impersonalization telling showing summary scenic presentation report 1.

A Theory of Narrative – F. K. Stanzel – Google Books

This site uses cookies. This article is a translation-work in progress of the article Franz Karl Stanzel from German to English.

He provides a generalized summary or a complete record of events. The teller is there to tell, report, witness, rheory, anticipate, recapitulate. The theory provides descriptive categories for sentences, paragraphs, and chapters, as well as whole books. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here But when he argues diat all evidence and selection must be random and arbitrary, he opens “an abyss ofendiese interpretations” widiout significance pp.


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Reflection of the fictional events in the consciousness of a fictional character. Rhythm of a narrative: Twentieth century writers combine authorial and figural elements. Texts do not mean whatever die interpreter wants diem to mean. The book’s assumptions preach to die converted, and its undeveloped theiry deserve better. Click here to sign up.

Franz Karl Stanzel

The succession of narrayive basic forms of narration summary, report, description, commentary, scenic presentation interspersed with action report. He provides arbitrary details, apparently the result of existential situations.

Many of diem seem good candidates for typical or ar- chetypical status and could be used by anyone constructing a dieory of nar- rative, since die analysis is both clear and acute. Teller Character and Reflector Character a Teller mode: That leads him to propose three categories which enable die mediation of a fiction to be described. Notify me of sttanzel comments via email. The world of the characters is identical to the world of the narrator.

Profile of a narrative: